June 30, 1943, Lt. Col. Neel Kearby arrived in Australia with his 348th Fighter
Group, the first P-47s assigned to the Southwest Pacific. His first question to
Fifth Air Force Commander Lt. Gen. George Kenney was, "Who has shot down
the most Japanese planes?" Kearby aimed to become the leading ace in the
Pacific, but that goal would have to wait a while.
no one except Kenney and Kearby's boys thought the P-47 would do well in combat.
Kenney surreptitiously arranged a mock combat between Kearby and an experienced
P-38 group commander. Kearby won hands down, but the Jug could not be sent into
action in that theater of vast open-water distances until its range was extended
by drop tanks. Kenney had them manufactured in Australia. The 348th was moved up
to Port Moresby, New Guinea, but saw no combat until Aug. 16, after the tanks
Kearby scored his first two victories--a bomber and a fighter--on Sept. 4,
followed by a single 11 days later. Then, on Oct. 11, came a combat that, up to
that time, set him apart from all other American aces.
was leading a flight of four P-47s on a reconnaissance sweep in the Wewak area,
about 450 miles northwest of Port Moresby. Shark-infested waters lay on one side
and jungle on the other, peopled by enemy troops and natives of questionable
appetite. In his flight were Capt. Bill Dunham, who ended the war with 16
victories; Capt. John T. Moore, a seven-victory ace; and Maj. Raymond Gallagher.
Kearby sighted a Japanese fighter below them at about 20,000 feet. Diving on the
Zeke from seven O'clock, Kearby fired at 1,500 feet, sending the enemy flaming
into the sea.
took his flight back up to 26,000 feet. In the nearly cloudless sky below, the
flight spotted 12 bombers at 5,000 feet escorted by 36 fighters. With the
numerical odds only 12 to one--not bad in Kearby's estimation--he gave the
signal to attack. In the space of a few seconds. Kearby shot down one Zeke and
two Hamps while Dunham and Moore each got one Tony.
the element of surprise gone, Kearby climbed to 20,000 feet, intending to call
the flight together and head for home. Then he saw one of his P-47s below with
two Tonys on its tail. Diving at 400 miles an hour, Kearby shot down both Tonys.
Dunham and Moore, who had become separated from Kearby in the battle, saw him
fighting six more Tonys, one of which Kearby probably downed. Unfortunately, his
gun camera ran out of film after showing hits on the enemy fighter.
six confirmed and one probable, an American record for a single engagement,
Kearby assembled his flight and led them to an emergency field at Lae, where
they landed with less than 75 gallons in their tanks.
MacArthur and Kenney immediately recommended Kearby for the Medal of Honor. When
it was presented by MacArthur early in January 1944, Kearby had 19 confirmed
victories and was tied with Dick Bong for the lead. Kenney advised Kearby not to
get in a race with Richard I. Bong, who was soon to return from leave in the
States, but to be satisfied with one enemy plane in each engagement. Kearby
agreed that that was good advice, but it didn't fit his goal of 50 victories
before he went home.
Bong returned a few days later, he ran his score up to 21. Kearby, with two
confirmed on Jan. 9, again tied Bong, and there things stood until March 5, when
Kearby, accompanied by Maj. Sam Blair and Dunham, decided to break the tie.
the way to Wewak, always a good hunting ground, they picked up a formation of 15
Japanese aircraft. Kearby got one on his first pass and then, against General
Kenney's advice, climbed back to shoot down at least one more. This time, three
enemy fighters latched on to his tail. Dunham and Blair each got one of Kearby's
assailants, but the third put a burst into Kearby's cockpit from close range
before Dunham blew him apart. Kearby's P-47 went straight into the jungle. There
was no parachute.
with several other great fighter pilots, the drive to excel that made Kearby a
leading ace of World War II was also his undoing. He was a superb pilot and
shot, a great tactician, an outstanding combat leader, and a fierce competitor.
months later, when the war ended, only three Pacific aces, all with many months
of combat, had more kills than Kearby had scored in six months. He lived on the
razor's edge, but those months of eagerly sought combat left for the men who
followed a spirit and a tradition that made victory in the Pacific inevitable.